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Black Hat

The Cyberspace Electronic Security Act

The Cyberspace Electronic Security Act

The Cyberspace Electronic Security Act (CESA) was passed in 1999, and it gives law enforcement the right to gain access to encryption keys and cryptography methods. The initial version of this act allowed federal law enforcement agencies to secretly use monitoring, electronic capturing equipment, and other technologies to access and …

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The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) dictates that educational institutions may not release information to unauthorized parties without the express permission of the student or, in the case of a minor, the parents of the student. This act also requires that educational institutions must disclose any records kept …

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The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) went into a law in 1986. The original law as introduced to address issues of fraud and abuse that weren’t well covered under existing statues. The law was updated inn 1994, in 1996, and again in 2001. This act gives federal authorities, primarily …

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Cookies and Attachments

Cookies and Attachments

Cookies and Attachments: Cookies are texts files that a browser maintains on the user’s hard disk in order to provide a persistent, customized web experience for each visit. A cookie typically contains information about the user. For example, a cookie can contain a client’s history to improve customer services. If …

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Malicious Insider Threats

Malicious Insider Threats

Malicious Insider Threats: One of the most dangerous threats to any network is an insider who is intent on doing harm. By being an insider, they have already gotten past your first defense and they might be motivated by a desire to make someone pay for passing them over for …

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Managing Spam to Avoid Viruses

Managing Spam to Avoid Viruses

Managing Spam to Avoid Viruses: Although spam is not truly a virus or a hoax, it is one of the most annoying things with which an administrator must contend. Spam is defined as any unwanted, unsolicited email, and not only can the sheer volume of it be irritating, but it …

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How Viruses Work

How Viruses Work

How Viruses Work: A virus, in most cases, tries to accomplish one of two things: render your system inoperable or spread to other systems. Many viruses will spread to other systems given the chance and then render your system unusable. This is common with many of the newer viruses. If …

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Hacking: Generic Example of Cyber Crime

Hacking: Generic Example of Cyber Crime

Generic Examples of Cyber Crime: Hacking is by no means a new phenomenon; it has existed in one form or another since the 1960s. For only a portion of the time since then has hacking been viewed as a crime and a situation that needs to be addressed.   Here …

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